Op-Ed letter: Town councils are usually unable to make the right decisions when the town is privy to every vote they cast. Many citizens are unhappy when the council votes to do things like raise taxes, and many of those unhappy citizens give council-members who vote for tax hikes a difficult time outside of the town meeting. Though anonymity in voting could give council members the autonomy to vote for legislation that negatively impacts community members, not giving them anonymity makes it impossible for them to vote for legislation that the community really needs.
 
What roles do the two boldface portions play in the letter-writer's argument?


 (A) The first is a reason to favor the writers conclusion; the second presents that conclusion.
 (B) The first is a pattern of cause and effect the writer thinks is false in this case; the second offer reasons in favor of her prediction.
CORRECT  (C) The first suggests a generalization that the writer thinks is true in this case; the second offers a consideration that weighs against her conclusion.
 (D) The first offers a reason in favor of the writers conclusion; the second offers a generalization that she believes holds true in this instance.
 (E) The first is a pattern of cause and effect the writer agrees with; the second is the conclusion.
Read the Question
A question that asks you to identify the role(s) of part of an argument is a bolded phrase question.

Task: Bolded Phrase Questions require you to identify what role the bolded portion plays in the argument.

Read the Argument and Extract Necessary Information:
Bolded Questions require you to determine whether the bolded portion is a premise or a conclusion, and what type of premise or conclusion it is (primary, secondary, counterevidence, etc).

Formulate an Answer to the Question
The first bolded part is a general statement that serves to support the conclusion that the town council cant vote for vital community legislation without anonymity. The second is a piece of counter evidence to the conclusion.

POE
(A) The second bolded part is not a conclusion, but rather counter evidence to the conclusion. Eliminate.
(B) The author thinks that the general statement in the first bolded part does apply to the case at hand since he uses it to support the conclusion. Eliminate.
(C) This resembles what we wrote as the answer to the question. Keep.
(D) The second part is counter evidence that the author believes doesn't hold true in this case since it contradicts the conclusion. Eliminate.
(E) The second part is not the author's conclusion; the conclusion is that the tow council cant cast the necessary votes without anonymity. Eliminate.

Compare Remaining Choices
Only C is left.

Choose C.


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